Saturday, May 23, 2020
1. Nationalism fuels WilliamÃ¢â¬â¢s actions to seek self-determination for Scotland; as a result of nationalism, William actively seeks freedom. Out of his sense of duty and sacrifice for the nation, although it began as a personal matter of the English killing his wife, he leads an initially successful peasant revolt against the English men, in order to be free from their clutches. For instance, before the Battle of Stalingrad, William inspires the peasants through a persuasive speech of how the English can take their lives, but not their freedom. Alongside this, the remainder of his speech clearly indicates that nationalism, WilliamÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of belonging to Scotland, has fuelled him to pursue freedom in the form of a violent rebellion. 2.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, he is betrayed by the nobles who are easily bribed with land and titles, causing them to lose their battle at Falkirk against the English, and once again when he is tricked and captured for the English. Clearly, nationalism causes William to make ignorant decisions, rather than sound and smart ones, which leads to the detriment of his fight for freedom. 3. Some understandings of nation illustrated in Ã¢â¬Å"BraveheartÃ¢â¬ include self-determination, patriotism, nation as a collective and ethnic, linguistic, and cultural understandings of nation. Self-determination is a concept prevalently seen throughout the film, as the rebellious Scottish wish for freedom as a nation-state, liberated from the influence and rule of the domineering English. As well, patriotism is depicted constantly, as seen through the growth of the Scottish rebellion. Largely due to their love for Scotland and national pride, the peasants stand against the English beside William Wallace. The rebellion stems from the patriotism felt by Scottish towards their nation. Furthermore, we see the idea of nation as a collective, since the Scottish rebellions unite as a collective in their common goal to gain self-determination for Scotland. As well, ethnic nationalism is depicted through how the Scottish form an ethnic nation due their common culture and religion, whic h acts as a cause for their desire to be independent. The common language and culture shown act asShow MoreRelatedCauses Of Nationalism1071 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesforged the future of these counties. At a moment when the war had just started. Nationalism was a mindset, a smaller version of brainwash. It motivated people to excel in their respective tasks. Economic and politic have changed how each country identified themselves which lead them to choose between socialism and capitalism. It determined the effectiveness of their army, mindset culture and so on. The concept of Nationalism started in Europe, due to the war that was getting aggravated day by day dueRead MoreNationalism As A Cause Of World War I1477 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Nationalism as a Cause of World War I Matthew Moore Ms. Beck Honors World Cultures Period 3 19 May 2017 Nationalism entails the people of a nation Ã¢â¬Å"exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations or supranational groups.Ã¢â¬ The concept of nationalism, essentially an extremistÃ¢â¬â¢s angle to patriotism, fueled the actions of many countries heading into World War I. Before the war, nationalismRead MoreThe Role Of Nationalism As A Cause Of The Failure Of Democracy2966 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesAssess the importance of Nationalism as a cause of the failure of democracy in Germany in the period 1918-1934. Nationalism was an important and fundamental factor in the downfall of the Weimar Republic and in turn, the ensuring failure of democracy in Germany in the period of 1918-1934. Nationalism is a political and social philosophy that aims to emphasise the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s virtues above others. It is a principle of a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s demand to be more powerful and successful than any other. A sense ofRead MoreAmerican Nationalism And The Causes Of The Boston Tea Party948 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesunprecedented control of the British Parliament as they were determined to be the strongest imperial power in the world. After enduring unfair taxation without representation as well as restrictions on trade set in place by the British, American nationalism sprouted and led to the Boston Tea Party, or the start of the Revolutionary War. Although Americans still had a sense of pride to be a part of the British Empire in the 1760s, they began to realize the considerable differences between themselvesRead MoreMilitarism, Nationalism, and the System of Alliances: The Causes of World War One1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespages, what were the underlying causes of the Great War that changed history? Through extensive research among primary and secondary documents, the answer has been found. The hidden causes were militarism, nationalism, and the system of alliances. Militarism led nations to jump at war prematurely. Nationalism causes other nations to become suspicious, and it also leads to a war that could easily be resolved other ways. The system of alliances was another underlying cause, as it made the war a world warRead MoreAssess the importance of nationalism as cause of the failure of democracy in Germany in the period 1918-1934.1828 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesNationalism was an important and integral factor in the downfall of the Weimar Republic and in turn, the ensuing failure of democracy in Germany in the period 1918-1934. The sense of loyalty and devotion to ones nation, which the German citizens had felt in their militaristic past, was ultimately devastated by WWI and its consequences. Although nationalism was a major cause of the failure of democracy in Germany, there were many other factors adding to the stress upon the countrys government at thisRead MoreThe Negative Effects of Nationalism Essay1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Negative Effects of Nationalism Nationalism is a modern political ideology that creates a devotion to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s culture and is the belief that from acting independent instead of communally will benefit nations which highlight national goals rather than international ones. Nationalism didnÃ¢â¬â¢t start till around the 17th, and 18th centuries which is because there was no concept of what a nation was. In the simplest terms, there was a loyalty to the Ã¢â¬Å"crownÃ¢â¬ Read MoreThe Importance Of Nationalism1434 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Nationalism is a political ideology that has been around since the 19th century, the idea of nationalism stands for the nation-state and the love for the nation-state. It is able to bind different members of society within a certain geographical location to form a stronger bond and give the nation a sense of belonging and identity. Nationalism has been one of the most influential and powerful forces of the twentieth century because nationalism helps bring people together that share a similar languageRead MoreWorld War I s Nationalism1123 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages World War IÃ¢â¬â¢s Nationalism Mr. Feddersen Katie Currier February 10, 2016 Nationalism is a feeling that Ã¢â¬Å"people have of being loyal to and proud of their country often with the belief that it is better and more important than other countriesÃ¢â¬ (Simple). Nationalism along with militarism and imperialism caused the internal conflicts in Europe. But Nationalism was the primary cause of the internal conflicts in Europe that became World War I. EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s nationalism in the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s was calledRead MoreThe Concept of Nationalism in the 20th and 21st Century1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Nationalism in the 20th and 21st Century: The concept of nationalism is in essence an odd organization that has had significant impacts in world history through shaping the political and social aspects of the society. As an important aspect in the development of the society, the concept of nationalism has basically been analyzed based on its impact on the emergence of nation-states across the globe. In most cases, these analyses have been conducted to determine the influence of nationalism on
Monday, May 11, 2020
Running Head: BIN LADEN AND HITLER: SIMILARITIES Bin Laden and Hitler: The Similarities Between Them \ Mychelle Morgan University of Phoenix COMM / 215 October 12, 2005 Osama bin Laden and Adolf Hitler: The Lesser of Two Evils Fear, hate and disregard. Are these feelings prominent when you think of Adolf Hitler or Osama bin Landen? These names bring equivalent emotions to the same nation of people Ãâ" Americans. Although these two historical figures posses different ideologies, the complicity and the similarities between them, including their desire for control, can and did result in massive devastation. Hitler worshipped Germany, as bin Laden worships Allah. They are evil, evil in that they wanted to destroy a race of people whoÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They were unquestioning, uneducated men ready to serve Hitler and Germany at any cost. The threat of being hauled off to a concentration camp forced petrified Germans into following Hitler and never opposing his regime. On August 2, 1934, Hitler was named FÃ ¼hrer, or supreme leader, of the German people. It was unveiled to world that Hitler had achieved total power in Germany. Years went by as Hitler and the Nazis bullied their way into making the German people praise and obey them. But on September 3, 1939, the biggest bloodshed and obliteration would begin. It is known as World War II. Five years, eight months and six days was the duration of this deadly spree. More than 40 million people were killed, all for the fanaticism and madness of one man, Adolf Hitler. History of Osama bin Laden Osama bin Laden was born in Saudi Arabia to a wealthy Yemeni family. Mohammed Bin Laden, Osamas father, was a wealthy construction entrepreneur who died in a helicopter crash when bin Laden was only 10 years old. Bin Laden, one of about 50 children, was then sent to live with his alienated mother, Hamida (Johnson, 2005). Hamida was a beautiful Syrian woman who was very independent. This independence gave her the nickname slave, given by the other wives. Therefore, the young bin Laden received the nickname son of a slave. Due to this fact, Osamas brothers often rejected him. Bin Laden was taught by tutors and spent a lot of hisShow MoreRelated Terrorism Essay3592 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesworst terrorist groups the world had every seen is al-Qaeda. This group is one of the new generation terrorist groups; it all began in early 1995 when Osama bin Laden came back to Afghanistan from Sudan. Every educated person in this world knows al-Qaeda or Bin laden the found er of this group. The worst thing about this group is quot;Bin Laden is the leader of a movement that doesnt necessarily need a leader to function and be effective,quot; said Juliette N. Kayyem, a terrorism expert at the HarvardRead MoreWar on Terror1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesevaluated as reliable for Soviet society. The Soviets used terror to break the traditional societal structure that evolved during the Czars Ã¢â¬ËreignÃ¢â¬ . Under the time Soviets ruled the country, the gap between the poor and the rich became larger. The rich became richer and they hide the poor to work for them. Later on, that created the food shortage in the urban of the society because the rich only produced what they needed for life instead of what society needed. The duty of the Soviet Union is to maintainRead MoreLeadership : The Power Of Influence1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesclosely understood when associated with particular nouns. Hitler, Josef Mengele, and Osama bin Laden are just a few that can be easily identified and carry the weight of what influential leaders are capable of. Mother Teresa, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr., are also among the most influential people to have lived. One can plainly juxtapose the differences between these two classes of leaders, which often shadows the similarities shared: the power of influence. Leaders and Teachers AreRead MoreTaking a Look at Conspiracy Theories1319 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthough, as the Jews once again faced hatred because of a lie. The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is a text that details a secret meeting between Jewish elders in a cemetery to discuss a conspiracy to take over the entire world, and despite them being a obvious forgery (Hughes, 2012). Despite being a known forgery, the Protocol document was used by the Nazis and Hitler to aid in increasing the anti-semetic sentiment in Germany and Europe. Even Henry Ford was an anti-semite; Ã¢â¬Å"his obsession with cleanlinessRead MoreLeadership2050 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesemphasise this. TL was also criticised for not being able to standalone as a single theory as the understanding of other theories was essential in order for its concepts to be grasped by the potential leader. Babou (2008) Ã¢â¬Å"Understanding the difference between transactional and transformational leadership is vital in getting the whole concept of transf ormational leadership theoryÃ¢â¬ (pg1). Due to different viewpoints and counter arguments against TL, Bass and Avolio developed The Full Range Leadership ModelRead MoreGp Essay Mainpoints24643 Words Ã |Ã 99 Pagesonto the Internet, info digitized (google books) Ã¢â¬ ¢ Much knowledge residing in books today that have not found their way onto the Internet (exclusive information) Ã¢â¬ ¢ ButÃ¢â¬ ¦ Gutenberg Project transcribes old literary texts from all eras, posting them online for free Ã¢â¬ ¢ Websites such as Questia and JSTOR store full academic journals, books, newspaper, magazines Ã¢â¬ ¦ (portable too!) Ã¢â¬ ¢ Also limits imposed by costs of publication, book cannot contain everything. Editors sometimes forced to truncateRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesPerception? 166 Factors That Influence Perception 167 165 Person Perception: Making Judgments About Others 168 Attribution Theory 168 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Common Shortcuts in Judging Others 170 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Specific Applications of Shortcuts in Organizations 173 The Link Between Perception and Individual Decision Making 174 Decision Making in Organizations 175 The Rational Model, Bounded Rationality, and Intuition 175 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Common Biases and Errors in Decision Making 177 Influences on Decision Making: Individual Differences andRead MoreStrategic Marketing Management337596 Words Ã |Ã 1351 Pagesimprove the delivered value. Subsequently, it has been recognized that DruckerÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective lacked strategic content in that it gives emphasis to the organizational culture, but fails to provide guidance on which customers to serve and how to serve them. Equally, DruckerÃ¢â¬â¢s initial views failed to take explicit account of competitors and the discipline of profit in the analysis of product and market opportunity. It is because of this that customer or ientation has been replaced with the broader concept
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Stars are just as mortal as us, they also born and they die too, after weaving a long span of electromagnetic spectrum with waves like radio waves, microwaves, or ultraviolet waves, besides emitting light. The humans witness this fascinating life of stars from a safe distance and even enjoy a frugal part of it by watching VIBGYOR here and there! Hues as Clues Each group of waves has its own wavelength, and thus different amount of energy, though all of them travel at the speed of light. It is this uniqueness of the each group of waves provide the clue regarding the present state of a star, from which the astronomers work out its past and future alongside its possible impact on the universe. We will write a custom essay sample on Life Cycle of Stars or any similar topic only for you Order Now A Comic Breather While astronomy remains a serious and ever challenging subject, the scientists donÃ¢â¬â¢t miss the scope to entertain them by churning amusing titles for serious jobs. As for example, if someone hears an astronomer saying, Ã¢â¬Å"Oh be a fine girl! Kiss me!Ã¢â¬ , one should not be perturbed with any misconception about the nature of that astronomer. Because, Ã¢â¬Å"Oh be a fine girl, kiss meÃ¢â¬ is just a mnemonic created by the letters denoting the classification of the stars (O, B, A, F, G, K, M). These seven letters distinguish the stars into seven major categories by evaluating their spectra (ordered array of the waves) and temperature. However, the Hertzsprung -Russell (H-R) Diagram, essentially a graph, divides the stars into three very different types after considering the color of a star (spectral type or its surface temperature) against its luminosity (its natural brightness, or absolute magnitude). These three groups are known as Ã¢â¬ËMain Sequence StarsÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËSupergiantsÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËWhite DwarfÃ¢â¬â¢ (Neutron stars, or Black Holes). The Journey Scientists estimate that the Universe was born 15000 million years ago, by virtue of a colossal explosion, which has been named as Ã¢â¬ËBig BangÃ¢â¬â¢. It was that explosion which had created energy, space, time and matter. It was very shortly after the explosion, atomic particles got together to form the gases like helium and hydrogen, which then went on to create the galaxies, stars and the Universe over millions of years and still they are at it. Thus the process that was started with expansion and change is still goes on. The astronomers have estimated the estimated timeline of the events till now and it goes like below: 1000 million years after the Big Bang : The matters started coming together. 3000 million years after the above: Galaxies began to form, the quasars came into being a little later, which are the forerunner of galaxies, evolves further through another 5000 million years, before our galaxy, the Milky way formed into a shape of disc! Our galaxy is a member of a community of 100,000 million galaxies. Thus the celestial hierarchy looks like below: Big Bang to Nebula; Nebula to Protostar; Protostar to Tauri type star Further consolidation of T.Tauri star leads to the Main Sequence star, which after the increase in its luminosity turns as Red Giant star. Red Giant star turns Cepheid star, which gradually turns White/Black Dwarf, before becoming a Black Hole. This estimation through Big Bang theory is still accepted in the astronomy world. However, it is still difficult to ascertain the exact nature of the events or to specifically deny any missing event that might have taken place somewhere in the middle. Characteristics Giant Nuclear Reactors A tremendous atomic collision takes place in the center of the stars, which rip apart the atoms and alter their structure, in the process of which, they release an enormous amount of energy. This makes them hot and bright. Nuclear fusion at their core generates the power in them, mostly by converting hydrogen into helium. In spite of this constant process, stars have a steady period during their life span, when they transform hydrogen into helium. When they run out of hydrogen, they enter their last phase of life. Then the formed helium in them transforms into larger elements like carbon, oxygen or neon. After the formation of the nebula, known as the Ã¢â¬Ëcosmic placentaÃ¢â¬â¢, stars are born in groups within a galaxy, which is then called Ã¢â¬Ëstellar nurseryÃ¢â¬â¢. Most of them break up, while the rest are kept together by gravity. The rest of a starÃ¢â¬â¢s life depends on how big it is, but in opposite way Ã¢â¬â the bigger it is in size, the quicker it spends its stock of hydrogen fuel and thus dies earlier after a stormy life. Some even explode due to its massive size. However, most of the stars, like our own Sun, manage to maintain a stable life when they shine steadily. Luminosity The luminosity of a star helps to estimate the amount of energy it radiates. It varies with its surface temperature and with its radius, where the stars with higher surface temperature, like the Ã¢â¬ËBlue GiantsÃ¢â¬â¢, generates higher luminosity than the Ã¢â¬ËRed GiantsÃ¢â¬â¢, which are relatively colder. The observed brightness of a star is dependent on the factors like emission, intensity and distance. Long life span Most stars spend their life by fusing hydrogen into helium, so is the case of our sun, which has been doing it for some five billion years, and is expected to continue doing it for another five billion or so years. This hydrogen burning starts from the very center of the star, and moves its way out, leaving a core of helium behind. The Last Days With age, the stars expand. Their cores gradually run out of hydrogen and then helium, expanding the core contacts and the outer layers, which become cool and loose its brightness. This is the last stage of the stars, before meeting the death according to their size: Sun-like Stars (under 1.5 times the mass of Sun) Ã¢â¬â Red Giant Ã¢â¬â Planetary Nebula Ã¢â¬âWhite Dwarf Ã¢â¬â Black Dwarf ; Huge Stars (between 1.5 to 3 times the mass of Sun) Ã¢â¬â Red SuperGiant Ã¢â¬â Supernova Ã¢â¬â Neutron Star; Giant Stars (over 3 times the mass of Sun) Ã¢â¬â Red SuperGiant Ã¢â¬â Supernova Ã¢â¬â Black Hole. Conclusion The life cycle of stars resembles everyday recycling process in our lives: certain components (gases) are gathered and then, with the help of a catalyst (gravitational force), those components become bound into cohesionÃ to give birth to a new material (star), all to worn out, before regrouping again under the same influences. Ends REFERENCES Stars (2003). 3 Nov, 2007. http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/stars.php Space (1993).Ã Universe (pp. 273-284). London, Great Britain: Dorling Kindersley. Ã Ã How to cite Life Cycle of Stars, Essay examples
Thursday, April 30, 2020
In the recent past, many manufacturers have taken to sourcing for production abroad. This trend has tremendously been impacted by the recent global financial crisis that has been witnessed the world over and the turmoil that has been registered in the world financial markets.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Key issues for consideration before sourcing production abroad specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Sincerely speaking, there is no problem with any company outsourcing their manufacturing process, however, due to the large number of organizations that have resorted to this system, caution has to be taken due to twists and turns that are involved in outsourcing of the production process. The most notable fact that has to be brought into perspective before a company decides to source production abroad is the cost of tooling, duration of agreement, and pricing (Washburn et al, 2009). That there is always some s ort of tension between the vendor and the distributor as to who bears the initial cost of product development is an undisputed fact. Product development calls for collaboration on the design of the product and the cost of acquiring tools and machinery to be used in the manufacturing process. The supplier will not always accept to invest copious amounts of money on tooling without a guarantee of faster returns on investment. The supplier may have a perception that an agreement spanning several years is essential if he is to bear the cost of tooling and increase production. The distributor may not be willing to be tied to a given manufacturer if for a reason the product has not received the best reception in the market. Therefore, the parties must initiate some kind of multi year contract to guarantee that the undertaking is worthwhile for the foreign manufacturer. The parties have to agree on some kind of reimbursement of tooling costs if the agreement does not go on as it was suppos ed to. The distributor can also advance the tooling costs at the initial stages of the relationship. When the two parties come to consensus on multi year contracting, the issue of pricing will crop up. Because it is to difficult to come up with a formula that governs pricing changes, parties often find themselves in a situation where foreign manufacturers propose price changes at the end of financial years. However, there are ugly incidences where buyers can reject the price and subsequently terminate the contract.Advertising Looking for assessment on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This makes the agreement a short-term contract. If the distributor fails to advance the tooling costs, chances are that reimbursement of the tooling costs will be imminent. It is therefore pertinent that the supply agreement declares that the manufacturer pays the tooling costs, and that the supplier can return the tools and fi xtures to the manufacturer upon termination of the agreement. Another factor to be considered when sourcing production abroad is product liability and insurance. The issue of product liability comes into play when the foreign manufacturer produces the entire product to be distributed in the market. The company charged with the distribution of this product will obviously push for the risks of injuries to persons or property resulting from the manufacturing process to be borne by the foreign manufacturer. The distributor will also want to be part of the people insured on the manufacturerÃ¢â¬â¢s policy. The distributor will request that provisions be made for the availability of primary non-contributory coverage. Under such an agreement, the foreign manufacturer will use the insurance company contracted by the outsourcing firm for product liability. This process is always difficult in some countries. Certain countries do not allow manufacturers to purchase product liability insurance with foreign coverage. In fact, in such countries small to medium sized manufacturers rarely provide product liability insurance. In such circumstances, the company outsourcing foreign production bears the insurance costs and this should be reflected when negotiating the price. Negotiation of adequate insurance cover has been quite a challenge to manufacturers who are not well versed with them. Such manufacturers usually prefer that the foreign company doing the outsourcing purchase the necessary insurance and in turn lower the price. When coverage is provided by the foreign company, the manufacturer has to maintain adequate tail coverage to cover for the period of time until the relationship is terminated. The tail coverage can be very critical if claims arise after termination of the relationship.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Key issues for consideration before sourcing production abroad specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is independent of whoever buys the insurance. Certificate or evidence of insurance has to be presented in circumstances when the foreign company obtains the insurance. This certificate or evidence of insurance must have notice of any material change and cancellation of non-renewal to this foreign company. The policy has to be reviewed by the foreign companyÃ¢â¬â¢s insurance broker. Another key issue is the product warranty. It is known that insurance can be used to insulate the company outsourcing from liability to personal injury, the warranty delivered by the foreign manufacturer is key to dealing with customer claims of substandard products. Claims about defective products are not always covered by product liability insurance, and the vendorsÃ¢â¬â¢ warranty has to be sought for protection. Foreign manufacturers often develop cold feet with regard to giving warranty resulting from defective goods because they assume the design ought to have been develo ped by the company sourcing for foreign production on their own or with the help of foreign manufacturer. The company outsourcing may be compelled to give its own warranty if foreign goods are incorporated into final product. Various warranty issues like who pays for shipping when the products have to be returned the outsourcing have to be addressed. Warranties in these circumstances should cover losses incurred by the buyer. The supply agreement must stipulate the vendorÃ¢â¬â¢s liability for the warranty claims. Other issues to be considered include currency fluctuation risks, trade names, intellectual property issues i.e. indemnity and exclusivity. With regard to currency fluctuation, the parties have to agree on the currency to which the payments are to be made. Quite often, the US dollar is preferred. Hedging is normally done if the transaction is large enough. The foreign manufacturer will always use the name and logo of the company sourcing for production. The contract shoul d reflect the rights of the foreign manufacturer with regard to use the name and logo. The registered trademark of the foreign company should be registered in the home jurisdiction of the supplier. Indemnity against third party claims should be obtained despite the fact that the intellectual property belongs to the foreign manufacturer.Advertising Looking for assessment on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Types of difficult workers In almost all places of work, there are always chances that we come across employees who are just difficult to work with. There are many different types of difficult workers, but for the interest of this paper, only three will be elaborately described. This section will also undertake to come up with coping strategies that can be used to peacefully coexist with this category of employees. The paper will discuss telltale, the gossip, and the agreeable types of employees. Telltales are so concerned about the discovery of the little mistakes that their colleague employees make in the process of carrying out their responsibilities at work. They would tell on the person who committed the minor mistake to their superiors or their colleague employees with the sole of intention of making the doer of the mistake look bad. The most appropriate working strategy that can be employed against this caliber of difficult employees is undertaking to be on your best behavior and just do your job. If somebody does what he or she is supposed to be doing, the telltales will actually have nothing to focus on. One should make sure that they update their bosses on regular basis on the projects they are working on. With this approach, the telltales will not take advantage of anything that you might have overlooked (Nikki, 2010). The gossip type of employee appears to have a database on everybody and everything within the working set up and appears willing to share it. They are likely to trigger altercations and misunderstanding about the employees of a given company because the bulk of information they spread is sometimes devoid of truth. They peddle falsehood. They can easily talk to you about your workmates. The most obvious thing is that you will form the subject of discussion when he or she leaves your station to the next. Their gossip can be very dangerous because will take every opportunity to dent the reputation of the person they are gossiping about. Chances that fights may break out are very high. One of the practical coping strategies is to never allow you to become a gossip too. Your utterances will often be used to judge you. If the rumor is directed at you, look for the person who started it in a calm and private manner. It is prudent that you bother yourself explaining to them the rumor you have heard doing rounds and that it was hurting. A sense of guilt will galvanize them. This will prompt an apology from them if you were calm and reasonable. The agreeable one wants to be liked by everyone and will agree to anything they are told but only to fail to deliver on their promises. Such people can be talked into accepting that you can present a diverging view on prevailing issues and still be liked. They should be helped in prioritizing and learning to say no when situations call for it. What are the three simultaneous events that have occurred in America related to globalization? Explain the three. Is globalization the culpr it? Provide supplement support for your position Because of globalization, many American companies have migrated their manufacturing to foreign countries where it is relatively cheaper to do business. With globalization, America has fully embraced the idea of offshoring and outsourcing. One could argue that globalization has then become a blessing in disguise to the American people because they have been freed up to become innovators, designers, and realizers of emerging technologies and concepts. The jobs that are supposed to be done by Americans are done by professionals from countries where they do the outsourcing and offshoring. This has kept many citizens out of work to the detriment of their economic well being (Dunnigan, 2006). Globalization has therefore compelled Americans to gun for good education so that they become relevant to the market demand and avoid job losses. But even with college degrees many American citizens have not been able to secure jobs because their areas of expertise are still being catered for by professional from other countries. Job losses in America has been dealt blow by certain legislations that bar doing specific researches in America like the stem cells technology. Companies willing to engage in this type of research go to other countries where there are no legislations that bar this kind of technology. This has dealt a major blow to medical research fraternity in the United States. With globalization chances are high that Americans will be mushrooming to foreign countries in search of better opportunities. Other than unemployment that has been very rampant in America, globalization has also contributed to terrorism both global and in American territories. That globalization has helped in benefiting the U.S. domestic policy contributing to the larger growth of domestic economy is not in dispute. However, it has to be noted that the advantages of modern globalization have outweighed its benefits. When the American economy on ly reaps trade deficit in global economy, their domestic policy stands to suffer a lot. Globalization has significantly contributed to loss of national sovereignty hence the rise of global terrorism, war against terrorism. This has resulted from the clash between national culture or religious identity and globalization. With globalization, the world has become such a smaller place. People of different civilizations get to interact. These civilizations intensify consciousness and awareness between them hence political, cultural, and economic benefits. The interactions have inherent costs that have been unbearable to the United States domestic economy and her national policies. The global war on terror has consumed a reasonable percentage of the American tax payerÃ¢â¬â¢s money and her human resource. The United States spent $ 65 billion on war on terror, of which $30 billion was spent in Afghanistan. The rest went to homeland defense in relation to the unwarranted deaths during the September 11th terrorist attack. When the American invasion of Iraq is considered to be part of war on terror, the expenditures skyrocket (Bhagwati, 2004). Of the $60 billion which was allocated for Iraq in the spring of 2003, another $87 billion was again allocated by the congress in October of the same year. Beginning January 2005, the American tax payers had paid a whooping $152 billion to the military operation that was going on in Iraq. The American tax payers by September 2006 spent money to the tune of $315 billion. None of these statistical figures records the lives that were lost in these operations. War on terrorism neither guarantees that there would be no terrorist activities in future. Other costs those American citizens especially those doing business in foreign countries continue to incur because of global war on terrorism include increased expenditure on enhanced security. Companies doing global businesses have to contend with shipping delays and costs for menaces of terrorism. The threats of terrorism and war on terrorism have slowed down global trade and investment. In order to stamp out terrorism the government has institutionalized legislations that are retrogressive and often lead to violation of fundamental human rights. Civil liberties are quite often trampled on by state and federal authorities. Globalization has also in the recent past revolutionized the American financial markets. Companies during the eve of world economic melt down have undertaken to reduce risks by engaging in diversification. The companies get involved with international financial institutions while also partnering with local and multinational businesses. Reorganization that happens at international, national, and sub-national level is occasioned by globalization (Phil, 2006). International trade, production, and integration of financial markets have to be reorganized. This negatively impacts capitalistic economic and social relations through multilateralism and mi croeconomic phenomena like business competitiveness at the global arena. Transformation of production system negatively impacts class structure, the labor process, how technology is applied, and finally the structure and organization of the capital. With globalization America was compelled to seek financial bail out which hiked the cost of owning homes and financial services in the American economy. What are the executive traits? There are five categories of executive presence that espouse the sixteen executive traits. Executives should stand out from the rest of the people by thinking strategically. They are expected to take strategic approach to work. This proves that they are leaders and not just managers. Executives are supposed to take a whole companyÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective by ensuring that they think outside the box and knowing every aspect of their organization. Executives must learn the language of finance by speaking the language of leaders. This makes them show their worth w hen circumstances call. Executives should capitalize on ambiguity and change by standing confidently above those who waver and are in constant fear of uncertainty. They should exceed their expectations and those of his subjects by being proactive and seeking for opportunities where others think they donÃ¢â¬â¢t exist. They should be innovative because through this they stand to climb to higher levels of responsibility (Executive Coaching, 2008). Executives must move beyond their comfort zones so that they great to stretch their capabilities. Executives must also be good communicators because by this they build confidence, trust, and credibility. They should lead rather than just acting managers and endeavor to share the limelight. Costs and benefits of globalization Globalization is perceived to be having its benefits notable of which is free trade. Through free trade countries get to exchange their goods and services. Countries will therefore undertake to produce goods and service s which give them competitive advantage over the rest. This specialization will lead to lower prices for consumer of these goods, greater variety of goods pool to choose from, export markets for domestic manufacturers will also become bigger. Specialization in production of specific goods will lead to economies of scale. Greater competition to be realized enhances quality of goods that are sold. With globalization there is likely to be free movement of labor to the advantage of workers and recipient countries. When there is high unemployment in a given country there is likelihood for people to look for jobs elsewhere hence decrease in geographical inequality. Countries with labor shortages are also able to fill the gap. With regard to increased economies of scale production becomes specialized. Goods can be produced in different parts of the world hence specialization that lowers prices for consumers of these goods. Globalization ensures that there is competition that does away with monopolies that characterized absence of competition. However, there stands to be greater competition from other foreign companies. Finally, globalization has enabled increase in level of investment hence countries have managed to attract both short and long term investments (Tejvan, 2009). Globalization comes with environment costs because of use of non renewable resources. It has also led to onset of global warming and pollution. Firms take to invest in countries where legislations on environment are less strict. Globalization also leads to labor drain because of more free movement of workers. This leads to brain drain as experts will work in countries where their expertise is heavily remunerated. Globalization has led to increased economic and cultural hegemony hence lack of cultural diversity. Free trade can have adverse effects on developing economies. These countries do mot have technological development that developed countries boast of hence will spend a lot of money in pro duction relative to what developed countries use. When it comes to pricing theirs have to be slightly higher. This will discourage people from buying there goods and instead go for those produced by developed countries. Reference List Bhagwati, J. (2004). In Defense of Globalization. New York: Oxford University Press. Dunnigan, J. (2006). The Costs of the War on Terror. Web. Executive Coaching. (2008). Five Categories of Executive Presence and the SixteenÃ Executive Traits. Web. Nikki, N. (2010). 14 Types of Difficult Co Workers and How to Deal with Them. Web. Phil, B. (2006). The Effects of Globalization on the United States of America. Web. Tejvan. (2009). Costs and benefits of globalization. Web. Washburn, J., et al. (2009). Foreign Sourcing of Production: Key issues for consideration. Web. This assessment on Key issues for consideration before sourcing production abroad was written and submitted by user Cannon Ortega to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 21, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"War On Our EconomyÃ¢â¬ The flag that stands for freedom still stands! But what does not stand any longer is the Twin Towers in New York. On September 11, 2001, terrorism hit the United States not with missiles, but our own airplanes. Terrorists took control of aircrafts on this sad day and flew them into the Pentagon and Twin Towers leaving many dead and the rest of us crippled. Three major indicators of economic conditions are 1) the gross domestic product (GDP), 2) the unemployment rate, and 3) the price indexes. Unemployment jumped a half-point to 5.4 percent in October and will reach to 6 percent in coming months. Even the most common job openings like McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s took down the signs Ã¢â¬Å"Now Hiring.Ã¢â¬ Airlines took the hardest fall. Indianapolis alone had 300 layoffs. September alone carried over 150,000 layoffs for this country. Fortunately, layoffs have slowed to a trickle, but Bruce Steinberg, chief economist at Merrill Lynch in New York, say profits are likely to plumb post-World War Two lows in the fourth quarter, and the job cuts are far from over. That being said, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no question were being hurt by the terrorist attacks. Production is centered on the ability to anticipate consumer demand. When a shock like September 11 occurs, consumer behavior changes radically. For example, the demand for travel and related services falls, while the demand for security rises. It takes time for both the government and the private sector to adapt to these changes, although an impressive array of government monetary and fiscal ammunition has been brought into play. But after the readjustment is made, there is little reason why corporate profits should be any lower than they were before the terrorist attacks. Few sectors dodged fallout from the attack. Dow headed for the worst week since the Depression. Panic struck the market. Since resuming on Monday, a week after the attacks, after four post-attack down days, the Dow industria... Free Essays on War On Our Economy Free Essays on War On Our Economy Ã¢â¬Å"War On Our EconomyÃ¢â¬ The flag that stands for freedom still stands! But what does not stand any longer is the Twin Towers in New York. On September 11, 2001, terrorism hit the United States not with missiles, but our own airplanes. Terrorists took control of aircrafts on this sad day and flew them into the Pentagon and Twin Towers leaving many dead and the rest of us crippled. Three major indicators of economic conditions are 1) the gross domestic product (GDP), 2) the unemployment rate, and 3) the price indexes. Unemployment jumped a half-point to 5.4 percent in October and will reach to 6 percent in coming months. Even the most common job openings like McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s took down the signs Ã¢â¬Å"Now Hiring.Ã¢â¬ Airlines took the hardest fall. Indianapolis alone had 300 layoffs. September alone carried over 150,000 layoffs for this country. Fortunately, layoffs have slowed to a trickle, but Bruce Steinberg, chief economist at Merrill Lynch in New York, say profits are likely to plumb post-World War Two lows in the fourth quarter, and the job cuts are far from over. That being said, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no question were being hurt by the terrorist attacks. Production is centered on the ability to anticipate consumer demand. When a shock like September 11 occurs, consumer behavior changes radically. For example, the demand for travel and related services falls, while the demand for security rises. It takes time for both the government and the private sector to adapt to these changes, although an impressive array of government monetary and fiscal ammunition has been brought into play. But after the readjustment is made, there is little reason why corporate profits should be any lower than they were before the terrorist attacks. Few sectors dodged fallout from the attack. Dow headed for the worst week since the Depression. Panic struck the market. Since resuming on Monday, a week after the attacks, after four post-attack down days, the Dow industria...
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
Interesting Facts About Restoration Comedy Among the many sub-genres of comedy isÃ the comedy of manners, or restoration comedy,Ã which originated in France with MoliÃ ¨res Les Precieuses Ridicules (1658). MoliÃ ¨re used this comic form to correct social absurdities.Ã In England, the comedy of manners is represented by the plays of William Wycherley, George Etherege, William Congreve,Ã and George Farquhar. This form was later classed old comedy but is now known as restoration comedy because it coincided with Charles IIs return to England. The main goal of these comedies of manners was to mock or scrutinize society. This allowed the audience to laugh at themselves and society. Marriage and the Game of Love One of the major themes of restoration comedy is marriage and the game of love. But if marriage is a mirror of society, the couples in the plays show something very dark and sinister about order. Many critiques of marriage in the comedies are devastating. Although the endings are happy and the man gets the woman, we see marriages without love and love affairs that are rebellious breaks with tradition. William Wycherleys Country Wife In Wycherleys Country Wife, the marriage between Margery and Bud Pinchwife represents a hostile unionÃ between an older man and a young woman. The Pinchwifes are the focal point of the play, and Margerys affair with Horner only adds to the humor. Horner cuckolds all of the husbands while pretending to be a eunuch. This causes the women to flock to him. Horner is a master at the game of love, though he is emotionally impotent. The relationships in the play are dominated by jealousy or cuckoldry. In Act IV, scene ii., Mr. Pinchwife says, So, tis plain she loves him, yet she has not love enough to make her conceal it from me; but the sight of him will increase her aversion for me and love for him, and that love instruct her how to deceive me and satisfy him, all idiot as she is. He wants her to be unable to deceive him. But even in her obvious innocence, he doesnt believe she is. To him, every woman came out of natures hands plain, open, silly, and fit for slaves, as she and Heaven intended em. He also believes women are more lustful and devilish than men. Mr. Pinchwife isnt especially bright, but in his jealousy, he becomes a dangerous character,Ã thinking Margery conspired to cuckold him. He is correct, but if hed known the truth, he would have killed her in his madness. As it is, when she disobeys him, he says, Once more write as Id have you, and question it not, or I will spoil thy writing with this. [Holding up the penknife.] I will stab out those eyes that cause my mischief. He doesnt ever hit her or stab her in the play (such actions wouldnt make a very good comedy), but Mr. Pinchwife continually locks Margery in the closet, calls her names, and in all other ways, acts like a brute. Because of his abusive nature, Margerys affair is noÃ surprise. In fact, it is accepted as a social norm, along with Horners promiscuity. In the end, Margery learning to lie is expected because the idea has already been set up when Mr. Pinchwife voices his fears that if she loved Horner more, she would conceal it from him. With this, social order is restored. Man of Mode The theme of the restoration of order in love and marriage continues in Ethereges Man of Mode (1676). Dorimant and Harriet are immersed in the game of love. Although it seems obvious that the couple is destined to be together, an obstacle is placed in Dorimants way by Harriets mother, Mrs. Woodville. SheÃ has arranged for her to marry Young Bellair, who already has his eye on Emilia. Threatened with the possibility of being disinherited, Young Bellair and Harriet pretend to accept the idea, while Harriet and Dorimant go at it in their battle of wits. An element of tragedy is added to the equation as Mrs. Loveit comes into the picture, breaking her fans and acting hysterically. The fans, which were supposed to hide a flush of passion or embarrassment, no longer offer her any protection. She is defenseless against Dorimants cruel words and the all too realistic facts of life; there can be no doubt that she is a tragic side effect of the game of love. Having long since lost interest in her, Dorimant continues to lead her on, giving her hopeÃ but leaving her in despair. In the end, herÃ unrequited loveÃ brings her ridicule, teaching society that if you are going to play at the game of love, youd better be prepared to get hurt. Indeed, Loveit comes to the realization that Theres nothing but falsehood and impertinence in this world. All men are villains or fools, before she parades out. By the end of the play, we see one marriage, as expected, but it is between Young Bellair and Emilia, who broke with tradition by marrying secretly, without Old Bellairs consent. But in a comedy, all must be forgiven, whichÃ Old Bellair does. While Harriet sinks into a depressing mood, thinking of her lonely house in the country and the poignant noise of the rooks, Dorimant admits his love to her, saying The first time I saw you, you left me with the pangs of love upon me; and this day my soul has quite given up her liberty. Congreves The Way of the World (1700) In Congreves The Way of the World (1700), the trend of restoration continues, but marriage becomes more about contractual agreements and greedÃ than love. Millamant and Mirabell iron out a prenuptial agreement before they marry. Then Millamant, for an instant, seems willing to marry her cousin Sir Willful, so that she can keep her money. Sex in Congreve, Mr. Palmer says, is a battle of the wits. It is not a battlefield of emotions.Ã Its comical to see the two wits going at it, but when we look deeper, there is seriousness behind their words. After they list conditions, Mirabell says, These provisos admitted, in other things I may prove a tractable and complying husband. Love may be the basis of their relationship, as Mirabell appears honest; however, their alliance is a sterile romance, devoid of the touchy, feely stuff, which we hope for in a courtship. Mirabell and Millamant are two wits perfect for each other in the battle of the sexes; nevertheless, the pervading sterility and greed reverberates as the relationship between the two wits becomes much more confusing.Ã Confusion and deception are the way of the world, but compared to The Country Wife and earlier drama, Congreves play shows a different kind of chaosone marked with contracts and greed instead of the hilarity and mix-up of Horner and other rakes. The evolution of society, as mirrored by the plays themselves,Ã is apparent. The Rover The apparent change in society becomes more explicit as we look atÃ Aphra Behns play, The Rover (1702). She borrowed almost all of the plot and many details from Thomaso, or the Wanderer, written by Behns old friend, Thomas Killigrew; however, this fact does not diminish the quality of the play. In The Rover, Behn addresses the issues that are of primary concern to herlove and marriage. This play is a comedy of intrigue and isnt set in England as the others play on this list have been. Instead, the action is set in Naples, Italy, during Carnival, an exotic setting, which takes the audience away from the familiar as a sense of alienation pervades the play. The games of love, here, involve Florinda, destined to marry an old, rich manÃ or her brothers friend. Theres also Belville, a young gallant who rescues her and wins her heart, along with Hellena, Florindas sister, and Willmore, a young rake who falls in love with her. There are no adult s present throughout the play, though Florindas brother is an authority figure, blocking her from a marriage of love. Ultimately, though, even the brother doesnt have much to say in the matter. The women Florinda and Hellena take the situation pretty much into their own hands, deciding what they want. This is, after all, a play written by a woman. AndÃ Aphra BehnÃ was not just any woman. She was one of the first women to make a living as a writer, which was quite a feat in her day. Behn was also known for her escapades as a spy and other nefarious activities. Drawing upon her own experience and rather revolutionary ideas, Behn creates female characters who are very different from any in previous period plays. She also addresses the threat of violence toward women, such as rape. This is a much darker view of society than the other playwrights created. The plot was further complicated when Angelica Bianca enters the picture, providing us with a searing indictment against society and the state of moral decay. When Willmore breaks his oath of love to her by falling in love with Helena, she goes crazy, brandishing a pistol and threatening to kill him. Willmore admits his inconstancy, saying, Broke my Vows? Why, where hast thou lived? Amongst the gods! For I never heard of mortal man that has not broke a thousand vows. He is an interesting representation of the careless and callous gallant of the Restoration, concerned mainly with his own pleasures and not interested in whom he hurts along the way. In the end, all of the conflicts are resolved with prospective marriages and released from the threat of marriage to an old man or the church. Willmore closes the last scene by saying, Egad, thourt a brave girl, and I admire thy love and courage. Lead on; no other dangers they can dread/ Who ventured in the storms o th marriage bed. The Beaux StratagemÃ Looking at The Rover, it is not hard to make a leap toÃ George Farquhars play, The Beaux Stratagem (1707).Ã In this play, he presents a terrible indictment on love and marriage. He depicts Mrs. Sullen as a frustrated wife, trapped in a marriage with no escape in sight (at least not at first). Characterized as a hate-hate relationship, the Sullens do not even have mutual respect to base their union on. Then, it was difficult, if not impossible to get a divorce; and, even if Mrs. Sullen managed to divorce, she would have been destitute because all of her money belonged to her husband. Her plight seems hopeless as she answers her sister-in-laws You must have Patience, with, Patience! the Cant of CustomProvidence sends no Evil without a Remedyshoud I lie groaning under a Yoke I can shake off, I were accessory to my Ruin, and my Patience were no better than self-Murder. Mrs. Sullen is a tragic figure when we see her as wife to an ogre, but she is comical as she plays at love with Archer. In The Beaux Stratagem, though, Farquhar shows himself to be a transitional figure when he introduces the contractual elements of the play. The Sullen marriage ends in divorce, and the traditional comic resolution is still kept intact with the announcement of the marriage of Aimwell and Dorinda. Of course, Aimwells intent was to woe Dorinda into marrying him so that he could squander her money. In that respect, at least the play compares with Behns The Rover and Congreves The Way of the World; but in the end, Aimwell says,Ã Such Goodness who coud injure; I find myself unequal to the task of Villain; she has gaind my Soul, and made it honest like her own; I cannot, cannot hurt her. Aimwells statement shows a marked change in his character. We can suspend disbelief as he tells Dorinda, Im a Lie, nor dare I give a Fiction to your Arms; Im all Counterfeit except my Passion. Its another happy ending! Sheridans The School for Scandal Richard Brinsley Sheridans play The School for Scandal (1777) marks a shift from the plays discussed above. Much of this change is due to a falling away of the Restoration values into a different kind of restoration where a new morality comes into play. Here, the bad are punished and the good are rewarded, and appearance doesnt fool anyone for long, especially when the long lost guardian, Sir Oliver, comes home to discover all. In the Cain and Abel scenario, Cain, a part played by Joseph Surface, is exposed as being an ungrateful hypocrite and Abel, a part played by Charles Surface, is really not that bad after all (all blame isÃ placed on his brother). And the virtuous young maidenMariawas right in her love, though she obeyed her fathers orders to refuse any further contact with Charles until he was vindicated. AlsoÃ interesting is that Sheridan does not create affairs between the characters of his play. Lady Teazle was willing to cuckold Sir Peter with Joseph until she learns the genuineness of his love. She realizes the error of her ways, repents and, when discovered, tells all and is forgiven.Ã There is nothingÃ realistic about the play, but its intent is much more moral than any of the earlier comedies. Wrapping Up Though these Restoration plays broach similar themes, the methods and the outcomes are completely different. This shows how much more conservative England had become by the late 18th century. Also as time moved forward, the emphasis changed from cuckoldry and the aristocracy to marriage as a contractual agreement and eventually to the sentimental comedy. Throughout, we see a restoration of social order in various forms.
Monday, February 17, 2020
Management and Leadership - Assignment Example A. legitimate B. expert C. information D. charismatic E. referent 4. _____power is based on the capacity to control and provide valued rewards to others A. Legitimate B. Referent C. Reward D. Information E. Expert 5. As the sales manager, Kirk supervises the sales people, hands out bonuses to those who surpass quotas that he assigns, allots vacation time, and determines pay raises. To the sales people he manages, Kirk has___ power. A. legitimate B. expert C. award D. charismatic E. referent 6. As the office manager, Pat has the authority to dock someone's pay who got to work late, to suspend workers who are lazy, and to fire workers who are incompetent. In terms of the office personnel, Pat has _____ power. A. legitimate B. expert C. information D. coercive E. referent 7. ____power depends on the ability to punish others when they do not engage in desired behaviour. A. Legitimate B. Charismatic C. Coercive D. Referent E. Reward 8. During the recent power outage, the janitor was the o nly person who could find the steps and help the people on the eighth floor find their way out of the building. To the people on the eighth floor, the janitor had ____power during the blackout. A. legitimate B. expert C. information D. coercive E. referent 9.____ power is based on the possession of expertise that is valued by others A. Legitimate B. Charismatic C. Coercive D. Expert E. ... A. legitimate D. coercive B. expert E. referent C. information 11. ___ power results from being admired, personally identified with, or liked by others. A. Legitimate B. Information C. Coercive D. Referent E. Reward 12. The president of Hatfield Manufacturing Company threatened to fire all of his line personnel if they continued to ignore the new safety regulations. How will the employees most likely react to this threat? A. with resistance B. with commitment C. with agreement D. with submission E. with compliance 13. Jason is a stonemason who has worked on refurbishing the great cathedrals in Europe. He has agreed to help restore the small Gothic church in Hyatt if the workers want him to. Which would describe the most likely response from the other workers? A. Resistance B. commitment C. acceptance D. submission E. compliance 14. Intelligence, appearance, sociability, and extroversion an all examples of __ that may distinguish leaders from non-leaders. A. demographics B. psychograp hics C. personalities D. traits E. profile items 15. Which of the following statements about the study of leadership traits is true? A. Researchers have identified several traits that are associated with individuals who are recognized as leaders by others. B. For the most part, early research studied historical leaders. C. Most management experts believe that performance is more closely related to the traits leaders possess than the things leaders actually do. D. Recent studies have discovered certain traits that can be used in any situation to determine which individuals will be leaders. E. Researchers have always believed that the key to locating leaders was in the study of traits and have never abandoned this line of reasoning. 16. University of